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The keys

España 9

The Inquisition and its consequences. One of them are the traces left by our ancestors to remind our origin: they kept the keys to their homes in Sefarad (Spain).

There are several details that show us the addiction the Sephardic Jews had for that land which was also theirs.

First, they continued using the Ladino or Judeo-Spanish (the Castilian of the fifteenth century), and second, but more importantly, they kept the keys to their homes thinking of returning, but Spain was closed and bolted to them. The economic and cultural consequences were devastating.

From: The Sefardita Costarricense
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Tracks of Jewish last names

España 7
Given the persecutions, many Jews or “converts” chose or were forced to use new last names, or hide their Jewish heritage, but they left traces to follow… small clues for those who know Hebrew…

Last names of professions as Moreno or our Maestro or like Perez using the K (Perek). Others changed the order of the letters, for example Rojas: Zajor.

Also in Hebrew, last names acquired during a trip were remembered, or associated with cities such as: Leon, Cordoba, Toledo and toledano. Moreover names of “new Christians” as: Santacruz, Santamaria, Salvador… or taken from the names of their Christian godparents: Diaz, Herrera, Pereira.

From: El Sefardita Costarricense
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Jewish traces

España 8

The descendants of those who were forced, tried to lead a normal life, but in many cases, their families received “evidence” of the existence of something different in their daily behavior.

Because the theme of the “ex-Jewishness” often was not even known by the same “actors”, it did not become something crucial in their lives, but today there are those who do seek “traces” of their lost identity.

For example, they avoided eating pork, but did not know the origin of the custom, they preferred to perform their prayers in the basements of their houses or determined September 10 as the “fast day”, not far from the Day of Atonement…

Also customs like having an exclusive pot for boiling milk, touching the right frame of the door, etc. There are hundreds of thousands of families who show signs of their Jewishness, centuries after the Inquisition.

From: El Sefardita Costarricense
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Dispersion of Jews

España 3
After the expulsion from Spain, Jews were dispersed in distinct currents. One of those, which was installed in the Ottoman Empire and Asia Minor, was welcomed with benevolence. Another, seated in Portugal, did not have the same luck. More than thirty thousand families took refuge in the Lusitanian country, not only for its proximity but also because the promises made by their monarchs Juan II and Manuel. They offered shelter and protection of their faith, but these agreements were not respected and the Jews were subjected to forced conversions. It was a final path. New land: America.

From: El Sefardita Costarricense
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Times of pain

España 6

The Inquisition acted severely, both in America and in Europe. Torture, anonymous accusations, convictions without the right to defense, autos of faith of Lima and Mexico and obsessive trials, reflect one of the most painful and unknown periods of American history.

Indeed the actions of the Inquisition were carefully hidden. Only at the end of the last century, the Chilean historian and polygraph Jose Toribio Medina discovered the archives in the Simancas Castle in Spain.

Of those files, looted and incomplete, the originals of autos of faith have disappeared in Lima and it is unknown whether the loss was total. One of the main difficulties in America is genealogy, because there were people with the same name and last name, some families who used their mother’s last name or groups of the same family or siblings bearing different last names.

From: El Sefardita Costarricense
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Seeking freedom

España 5

Not even by escaping to America could they flee the Inquisition nightmare. During the Dutch and British rule in various islands and American territories, Protestants and Jews lived freely. They arrived in Barbados, Curacao, Jamaica and Suriname.

Even so, in the vast Hispanic territories, the fugitives were reunited with the inquisitorial presence that extended its power through the three inquisitorial courts that were installed to monitor and control the colonies in Lima, Mexico and Cartagena of Indias.

From: El Sefardita Costarricense
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Did a procedural right exist?

España 2

The procedural law was born as a right of process management and guarantees the right to justice for the accused.

This allows knowing what will happen and the authorities should frame their actions in accordance with the provisions of the law without overstepping…

Did a inquisitorial procedural right exist?

No! Of course not! The Inquisition did not have a systematic nor accurate instruction until the year 1561.

From: El Sefardita Costarricense
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Times of persecution

España 4

The persecution sought to erase all vestiges of Judaism through the introduction of the Statutes of Blood Cleaning, which divided Spain in a class struggle.

These statutes were designed to demonstrate that they were not descendants from Jewish, Moorish or prisons by the Inquisition, however, all were part of that society.

They were imposed on the nobility, the military and religious orders, colleges, unions, guilds and in the whole way of life, to exclude them from jobs, positions and status.

Through extensive censorship and burning rates of works and writings, including the Bible in romance to be considered heretical, surveillance came to private libraries, universities and customs.

From: El Sefardita Costarricense
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Inquisition…

Inquisition…

Confiscation of properties, confessions under torture considered as valid, a secret by the one who formulated the complaint… and what about the false claimants?

Use for personal revenge, to get money. Complaints to eliminate competition (or for the simple reason that someone was annoying to their own interests or tastes), all kinds of abuse (including sexual issues)…

Against Jews… No! The Inquisition didn’t take active action on the matter, for that, “the people” were first, that according to the above circumstances, Jews were forced to convert (or die or be expelled… or…) Later, the Inquisition had jurisdiction over new converts.

From: El Sefardita Costarricense
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10 dimensions of reality

10 Dimensions of Reality

Picture: Freepik

Have you ever heard of the Superstring Theory? The Superstring Theory is, in essence, a scientific attempt to explain the universe. Scientists today consider the Superstring Theory a leading approach to explaining the inner workings of the universe.

Here’s an interesting fact: The Superstring Theory states that space-time has 10 dimensions, or in other words, the universe is made up of 10 dimensions. Sound familiar?

English Zohar, Chayei Sarah Volume 4 verse 169

אֲמַר לֵיהּ, אֱלִיעֶזֶר בְּרִי, חָמֵית הֲוֵית יַתִּיר מִמַּלְאָכָא קַדִּישָׁא, דְּעַלְמָא בַּעֲשָׂרָה אִתְבְּרֵי, בַּעֲשָׂרָה אִתְנְהֵיג, כָּרְסְיָיא קַדִּישָׁא, בַּעֲשָׂרָה, אוֹרַיְיתָא הוּא בַּעֲשָׂרָה, מַטְלָנוֹי בַּעֲשָׂרָה, עַלְמִין עִלָּאִין בַּעֲשָׂרָה, וְחַד עִלָּאָה עַל כֹּלָּא בְּרִיךְ הוּא

English translation: He said, Eliezer my son, you have seen more than a holy angel, FOR THE LIGHT OF THE SOUL IS GREATER THAN THE LIGHT OF ANGELS. BECAUSE RABBI ELIEZER EXPLAINED THE SECRET OF THE TEN ONLY BY THE UPPER THREE COLUMNS CHOCHMAH, BINAH AND DA’AT RABBI YOCHANAN BEN ZAKAI IS GOING TO EXPLAIN THE SECRET OF THE TEN ALSO IN THE LOWER SEVEN SFIROT. HE SAYS, The world, MALCHUT, is created by ten, and it is conducted by ten. THIS IS YESOD THAT LEADS MALCHUT CALLED WORLD. The holy throne, NETZACH AND HOD CALLED THE LOWER THRONE, is according to ten. The Torah, THE SECRET OF TIFERET, is by ten. Its traveling, NAMELY GVURAH, is by ten. The supernal worlds, Chesed, which is superior to the lower seven, are by ten. And there is the supernal one above them all, blessed be He, NAMELY KETER, FROM WHICH EVERYTHING IS DRAWN, BOTH THE LIGHT OF CHASSADIM ALLUDED TO IN THE SECRET OF TEN, AND THE LIGHT OF CHOCHMAH.

Over 2,000 years ago, the Zohar was well aware of the 10 dimensions that make up the universe, as we can clearly see here. As science has caught up, a concept that at one time would have boggled people’s minds has become the prevalent explanation for how the universe works. Imagine that.

The ancient book of wisdom that is the Zohar contains numerous examples of how our world operates—written at a time when this knowledge was not common place. In fact, many recent scientific discoveries are contained in the Zohar.

Source: Living Wisdom
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